THE NINTH CALIPH

THE 9th KHILAFAH Abdullah ibn Jahsh was a cousin of the Prophet and his sister, Zaynab bint Jahsh, was a wife of the Prophet. He was the first to head a group of Muslims on an expedition and so was the first to be called “Amir al-Mu’mineen”Ñ Commander of the Believers. Abdullah ibn Jahsh became a Muslim before the Prophet entered the House of al-Arqam which became a meeting place, a school and a place of refuge for the early Muslims. He was thus one of the first to accept…

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THE EIGHTH CALIPH

THE 9th Khilafa   It was the fourth year after the Hijrah. The city of the Prophet was still under threat from within and without. From within. the influential Jewish tribe. the Banu anNadir. broke their agreement with the Prophet and made plans to kill him. For this, they were banished from the city. This was in the month of Safar.   Two months of uneasy quiet passed. Then the Prophet received news that tribes from distant Najd were planning an attack. To pre-empt them. the Prophet gathered a force…

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THE SEVENTH CALIPH

THE 7th KHILAFAH   Khalid ibn al-Walid (592–642) also known as SayfAllah al-Maslul (the Drawn Sword of Allah), was a Sahabi, a companion of the prophet Muhammad(pbuh), and one of the greatest military commanders of all time. He is noted for his military tactics and prowess, commanding the forces of Muhammad(pbuh) and those of his immediate successors of the Rashidun Caliphate; Abu Bakr and Umar. It was under his military leadership that Arabia, for the first time in history, was united under a single political entity, the Caliphate. He is…

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THE SIXTH CALIPH

THE SIXTH KHILAFAH   Sayyidina Hazrat Bilal was an Abyssinian slave belonging to a Jew called Umayya Bin Khalf, who was a bitter enemy of Islam. He embraced Islam in its early days, during times when the non-believers would continuously harass the Muslims and never allow them a moment of peace. Hazrat Bilal’s love for Allah and the Holy Prophet(pbuh) will always remain a perfect example of devotion and total submission.   Ahad, Ahad – there is only one Allah   In the sweltering heat under the Arabian skies, Hazrat…

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THE FIFTH CALIPH

THE 5t KHILAFAH   The great warrior and companion Hazrat Hamza (Ra) was an uncle of the Prophet Muhammad(pbuh). His conversion to Islam was a sudden incident. After being bestowed with Prophethood, the Prophet Muhammad(pbuh) started preaching Islam publicly. For this reason the infidels started opposition and oppression. In the meantime one day the Prophet Muhammad(pbuh) was in meditation at the foot of Safa mountain. The wicked Abu Jahl rebuked him in an extremely, objectionable language and struck him. Uttering not a word the Prophet Muhammad(pbuh) returned home. Hamza (Ra)…

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ThE FOURTH CALIPH

THE 4th KHALIFAH   “You [Ali] are my brother in this world and the next.” (Hadith)   Ali’s Election After Uthman’s martyrdom, the office of the caliphate remained unfilled for two or three days. Many people insisted that Ali should take up the office, but he was embarrassed by the fact that the people who pressed him hardest were the rebels, and he therefore declined at first. When the notable Companions of the Prophet (peace be on him) urged him, however, he finally agreed.Ali’s Life   Ali bin Abi Talib…

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THE THIRD CALIPH

THE THIRD KHILAFAH   “Every Prophet has an assistant, and my assistant will be Uthman.”(Hadith) Uthman’s Election When ‘Umar fell under the assassin’s dagger, before he died the people asked him to nominate his successor. ‘Umar appointed a committee consisting of six of the ten companions of the Prophet (peace be on him) about whom the Prophet had said, “They are the people of Heaven” – Ali, Uthman, Abdul Rahman, Sa’ad, Al-Zubayr and Talha – to select the next Caliph from among themselves. He also outlined the procedure to be…

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THE SECOND CALIPH

‘THE THIRD CALIPH (Kilafah) Umar’s Life “God has placed truth upon Umar’s tongue and heart. (Hadith)” During his last illness Abu Bakr had conferred with his people, particularly the more eminent among them. After this meeting they chose ‘Umar as his successor. ‘Umar was born into a respected Quraish family thirteen years after the birth of Muhammad (peace be on him). Umar’s family was known for its extensive knowledge of genealogy. When he grew up, ‘Umar was proficient in this branch of knowledge as well as in swordsmanship, wrestling and…

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THE NOBLE KHILAFA

THE NOBLE SUCCESSORS OF RASOOLULLAH(saw) We will insha Allah cover the successors of our beloved Prophet, Muhammad (saw) and their lives and activities.   The First Caliph, Abu Bakr(R.A.)   “If I were to take a friend other than my Lord, I would take Abu Bakr as a friend.” (Hadith)   Election to the Caliphate The Prophet’s closest Companion, Abu Bakr, was not present when the Holy Prophet (peace be on him) breathed his last in the apartment of his beloved wife of later years, Aisha, Abu Bakr’s daughter. When…

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