A Hadîth NARRATED FROM Abû UMAMAH AL-BAHILI
Abû Umamah al-Bahili said, “The Prophet – sallallâhu ’alayhi wa sallam – delivered a speech to us, most of which dealt with the Dajjal and warned us against him. He said, ‘No tribulation on earth since the creation of Adam will be worse than the tribulation of the Dajjal. Allah has never sent a Prophet who did not warn his Ummah against the Dajjal. I am the last of the Prophets, and you are the last Ummah. The Dajjal is emerging among you and it is inevitable. If he appears while I am still among you, I will contend with him on behalf of every Muslim. But if he appears after I am gone, then every person must contend with him on his own behalf. He will appear on the way between Syria and Iraq, and will spread disaster right and left. O servants of Allah adhere to the path of Truth. I shall describe him for you in a way that no Prophet has ever done before. He will start by saying that he is a Prophet, but there will be no Prophet after me. Then he will say, “I am your Lord,” but you will never see your Lord until you die. The Dajjal is one-eyed, but your Lord, glorified be He, is not one-eyed. On his forehead will be written the word Kafir, which every Muslim, literate or illiterate, will be able to read. Among that which he will bring will be the Paradise and Hell he will offer; but that which he calls Hell will be Paradise, and that which he calls Paradise will be Hell.
Whoever enters his Hell, let him seek refuge with Allah and recite the opening Ayat of Surat al-Kahf, and it will become cool and peaceful for him, as the fire became cool and peaceful for Abraham. “He will say to a Bedouin, What do you think if I bring your father and mother back to life for you? Will you bear witness that I am your lord? The Bedouin will say Yes, so two devils will assume the appearance of his father and mother, and will say, “O my son, follow him for he is your lord.” “He will be given power over one person, whom he will kill and cut in two with a saw. Then he will say, ‘Look at this slave of mine, now I will resurrect him, but he will still claim that he has a Lord other than me. Allah will resurrect him, and this evil man (the Dajjal) will say to him, ‘Who is your Lord? The man will answer, ‘My Lord is Allah, and you are the enemy of Allah. You are the Dajjal. By Allah, I have never been more sure of this than I am today.”
Abû Said said, “The Prophet – sallallâhu ’alayhi wa sallam – said, ‘That man will have the highest status among my Ummah in Paradise.” Abû Said said, “By Allah, we never thought that that man would be any other than ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab, until he passed away.” Al-Muharibi said: “Then we referred to the Hadîth of Abû Rafii, which said, ‘Part of his Fitnah will be the fact that he will pass through an area whose people will deny him, and none of their livestock will remain alive. Then he will pass through a second area whose people will believe in him; he will order the sky to rain and the earth to bring forth crops, and their flocks will return from grazing fatter than they have ever been, with their flanks stretched, their udders full. He will pass through every place on earth – except Makkah and Madînah, which he will never enter, for there are angels guarding every gate of them with unsheathed swords – until he reaches al-Zarib al-Ahmar and camps at the edge of the salt-marsh. Madînah will be shaken by three tremors, after which every Munafiq (hypocrite) will leave it, and it will be cleansed of evil, as iron is cleansed of dross. That day will be called Yawm al-Khalas (The Day of Purification).”
Umm Sharik bint Abil-Akr said, “O Messenger of Allah, where will the Arabs be at that time?” He said, “At that time they will be few; most of them will be in Bayt al-Maqdis (Jerusalem), and their Imâm will be a righteous man. Whilst their Imâm is going forward to lead the people in praying Salat al-Subh (the morning prayer), Jesus son of Mary will descend. The Imâm will step back, to let Jesus lead the people in prayer, but Jesus will place his hand between the mans shoulders and say, ‘Go forward and lead the prayer, for the Iqamah was made for you. So the Imâm will lead the people in prayer, and afterwards Jesus – ’alayhis salâm – will say, ‘Open the gate. The gate will be opened, and behind it will be the Dajjal and a thousand Jews, each of them bearing a sword and shield.
When the Dajjal sees Jesus, he will begin to dissolve like salt in water, and will run away. Jesus will say, ‘You will remain alive until I strike you with my sword. He will catch up with him at the eastern gate of Ludd* and will kill him. The Jews will be deflated with the help of Allah. There will be no place for them to hide; they will not be able to hide behind any stone, wall, animal or tree – except the boxthorn (al-Gharqarah) – without saying, ‘O Muslim servant of Allah! here is a Jew, come and kill him!”
The Prophet – sallallâhu ’alayhi wa sallam – said, “The time of the Dajjal will be forty years; one year like half a year, one year like a month, and one month like a week. The rest of his days will pass so quickly that if one of you were at one of the gates of Madînah, he would not reach the other gate before evening fell.” Someone asked, “O Messenger of Allah, how will we pray in those shorter days?” He said, “Work out the times of prayer in the same way that you do in these longer days, and then pray.” The Prophet – sallallâhu ’alayhi wa sallam – said, “Jesus son of Mary will be a just administrator and leader of my Ummah. He will break the cross, kill the pigs, and abolish the Jizyah (tax on non-Muslims). He will not collect the Sadaqah,* so he will not collect sheep and camels.
Mutual enmity and hatred will disappear. Every harmful animal will be made harmless, so that a small boy will be able to put his hand into a snakes mouth without being harmed, a small girl will be able to make a lion run away from her, and a wolf will go among sheep as if he were a sheepdog. The earth will be filled with peace as a container is filled with water. People will be in complete agreement, and only Allah will be worshipped. Wars will cease, and the authority of Quraysh will be taken away. The earth will be like a silver basin, and will produce fruits so Abûndantly that a group of people will gather to eat a bunch of grapes or one pomegranate and will be satisfied. A bull will be worth so much money, but a horse will be worth only a few dirhams.” Someone asked, “O Messenger of Allah, why will a horse be so cheap?” He said, “Because it will never be ridden in war.” He was asked, “Why will the bull be so expensive?” He said, “Because it will plough the earth. For three years before the Dajjal emerges, the people will suffer severe hunger.
In the first year, Allah will order the sky to withhold a third of its rain, and the earth to withhold two-thirds of its fruits. In the third year, He will order the sky to withhold all of its rain, and the earth to withhold all of its fruits, so that nothing green will grow. Every cloven-hoofed creature will die except for whatever Allah wills.” Someone asked, “How will the people live at that time?” He said, “By saying La ilaha illa Allah, Allâhu Akbar, Subhan Allah and Al-Hamdu-lillah. This will be like food for them.” The Prophet – sallallâhu ’alayhi wa sallam – said, “The Dajjal will come forth, and one of the Believers will go towards him. The armed men of the Dajjal will ask him, ‘Where are you going? He will say, ‘I am going to this one who has come forth. They will say, ‘Kill him! Then some of them will say to the others, ‘Hasnt your lord [ie the Dajjal] forbidden you to kill anyone without his permission?” So they will take him to the Dajjal, and when the Believer sees him, he will say, ‘O People, this is the Dajjal whom the Prophet – sallallâhu ’alayhi wa sallam – told us about. Then the Dajjal will order them to seize him and wound him in the head; they will inflict blows all over, even in his back and stomach.
The Dajjal will ask him, ‘Dont you believe in me? He will say, ‘You are a false Messiah. The Dajjal will order that he be sawn in two from the parting of his hair to his legs; then he will walk between the two pieces. Then he will say ‘Stand! and the man will stand up. The Dajjal will say to him, ‘Dont you believe in me? The believer will say, ‘It has only increased my understanding that you are the Dajjal. Then he will say, ‘O people! he will not treat anyone else in such a manner after me. The Dajjal will seize him to slaughter him, but the space between his neck and collar-bone will be turned into copper, and the Dajjal will not be able to do anything to him. He will take the man by his arms and legs and throw him away; the people will believe that he has been thrown into Hell, whereas in fact he will have been thrown into Paradise.” The Prophet – sallallâhu ’alayhi wa sallam – said, “He will be the greatest of martyrs in the sight of Allah, the Lord of the Worlds.” (Muslim).
*Ludd: the biblical Lydda, now known as Lod, site of the zionist states major airport.
* “He will break the cross and kill pigs”, ie Christianity will be annulled. “He will not collect the Sadaqah (ie Zakat) – because there will be so much wealth, and no-one will be in need of Sadaqah.
A Test for the People at the End of Time
THE Hadîth OF AL-MUGHIRAH IBN SHU’BAH
Al-Mughirah ibn Shubah said, “No-one asked the Prophet – sallallâhu ’alayhi wa sallam – more questions about the Dajjal than I did. He said, ‘You should not worry about him, because he will not be able to harm you.’ I said, ‘But they say that he will have much food and water! He said, ‘He is too insignificant in the sight of Allah to have all that.’ (Muslim.)
Al-Mughirah ibn Shu’bah said, “No-one asked the Prophet – sallallâhu ’alayhi wa sallam – more questions about the Dajjal than I did.” One of the narrators said, “What did you ask him?” Al-Mughirah said, “I said, ‘They say that the Dajjal will have a mountain of bread and meat, and a river of water. The Prophet – sallallâhu ’alayhi wa sallam – said, ‘He is too insignificant in the sight of Allah to have all that.’ (Muslim.)
From these Ahadîth, we can see that Allah will test His servants with the Dajjal and by the miracles which he will be permitted to perform: as we have already mentioned, the Dajjal will order the sky to rain for those who accept him, and will order the earth to bring forth its fruits so that they and their livestock will eat of it, and their flocks will return fat and with their udders full of milk. Those who reject the Dajjal and refuse to believe in him will suffer drought and famine; people and livestock will die, and wealth and supplies of food will be depleted. People will follow the Dajjal like swarms of bees, and he will kill a young man and bring him back to life. This is not a kind of magic; it will be something real with which Allah will test His servants at the end of time. Many will be led astray, and many will be guided by it. Those who doubt will disbelieve, but those who believe will be strengthened in their faith.
Al-Qadi ‘Iyad and others interpreted the phrase “He is too insignificant in the sight of Allah to have all that” as meaning that the Dajjal is too insignificant to have anything that could lead the true believers astray, because he is obviously evil and corrupt. Even if he brings great terror, the word Kafir will be clearly written between his eyes; one report explains that it will be written “Kaf, Fa, Ra,” from which we can understand that it will be written perceptibly, not abstractly, as some people say. One of his eyes will be blind, protruding and repulsive; this is the meaning of the Hadîth: “…as if it were a grape floating on the surface of the water.” Other reports say that it is “dull, with no light in it,” or “like white spittle on a wall,” i e, it will look ugly.
Some reports say that it is his right eye which will be blind; others say that it is his left eye. He could be partly blind in both eyes, or there could be a fault in both eyes. This interpretation could be supported by the Hadîth narrated by al-Tabarani, in which he reports that Ibn ‘Abbas said, “The Prophet – sallallâhu ’alayhi wa sallam – said, “The Dajjal is curly-haired and white-skinned. His head is like the branch of a tree; his left eye is blind, and the other eye looks like a floating grape. “ One may ask: if the Dajjal is going to cause such widespread evil and his claim to be a “lord” will be so widely believed – even though he is obviously a liar, and all the Prophets have warned against him – why does the Qur’ân not mention him by name and warn us against his lies and stubbornness? The answer is:-
1. The Dajjal was referred to in the Ayah: “… The day that certain of the signs of thy Lord do come, no good will it do to a soul to believe in them then, if it believed not before nor earned righteousness through its Faith…” (al-Anam 6:158)
Abû Hurayrah said, “The Prophet – sallallâhu ’alayhi wa sallam – said, ‘There are three things which, when they appear, no good will it do a soul to believe in them then, if it believed not before nor earned righteousness through its Faith. They are: The Dajjal, the Beast, and the rising of the sun from the west.’ “
2. Jesus son of Mary will descend from Heaven and kill the Dajjal, as we have already mentioned. The descent of Jesus is mentioned in the Ayat: “That they said (in boast), ‘We killed Christ Jesus the son of Mary, the Apostle of Allah; – but they killed him not nor crucified him, but so it was made to appear to them, and those who differ therein are full of doubts, with no (certain) knowledge, but only conjecture to follow, for of a surety they killed him not:- Nay, Allah raised him up unto Himself; and Allah is exalted in Power, Wise;- And there is none of the People of the Book but must believe in him before his death; and on the Day of Judgement, he will be a witness against them.”(al-Nisa 4:157-9)
We think that the Tafsir (interpretation) of this Ayah is that the pronoun in “before his death” (qabla mawtihi) refers to Jesus; i e, he will descend and the People of the Book who differed concerning him will believe in him. The Christians claimed that he was divine, while the Jews made a slanderous accusation, i.e. that he was born from adultery. When Jesus descends before the Day of Judgement, he will correct all these differences and lies. On this basis, the reference to the descent of the Messiah Jesus son of Mary also includes a reference to the Dajjal (false Mesor Antichrist), who is the opposite of the true Messiah, because sometimes the Arabs refer to one of two opposites and not the other, but mean both.
3. The Dajjal is not mentioned by name in the Qur’ân because he is so insignificant: he claims to be divine, but he is merely a human being. His affairs are too contemptible to be mentioned in the Qur’ân. But the Prophets, out of loyalty to Allah, warned their people about the Dajjal and the tribulations and misguiding miracles he would bring. It is enough for us to know the reports of the Prophets and the many reports from the Prophet Mohammad – sallallâhu ’alayhi wa sallam -.
One could argue that Allah has mentioned Pharaoh and his false claims, such as “I am your Lord, Most High” (al-Naziat 79:24) and “O Chiefs! No god do I know for you but myself …” (al-Qasas 28:38), in the Qur’ân.
This can be explained by the fact that Pharaoh and his deeds are in the past, and his lies are clear to every believer. But the Dajjal is yet to come, in the future; it will be a Fitnah and a test for all people. So the Dajjal is not mentioned in the Qur’ân because he is contemptible; and the fact that he is not mentioned means that it will be a great test. The facts about the Dajjal and his lies are obvious and do not need further emphasis. This is often the case when something is very clear. For example, when the Prophet – sallallâhu ’alayhi wa sallam – was terminally ill, he wanted to write a document confirming that Abû Bakr would be the Khalifah after him. Then he abandoned this idea, and said, “Allah and the believers will not accept anyone other than Abû Bakr.” He decided not to write the document because he knew of Abû Bakr’s high standing among the Sahabah (Companions) and was sure that they would not choose anyone else.
Similarly, the facts about the Dajjal are so clear that they did not need to be mentioned in the Qur’ân. Allah did not mention the Dajjal in the Qur’ân because He – subhânahu wa Ta’âla– knew that the Dajjal would not be able to lead His true servants astray; he would only increase their faith, their submission to Allah and His Messenger, their belief in the Truth, and their rejection of falsehood.
For this reason the believer whom the Dajjal overpowers will say, when he revives him, “By Allah, it has only increased my understanding that you are the one-eyed liar about whom the Prophet – sallallâhu ’alayhi wa sallam – spoke.”
END OF PART 5